Understanding how public policy works beyond the United States is important for every analyst to be successful. This is because by being able to view an issue or problem from another perspective can help shift a paradigm that can have the effect of serving the public good in a new and unique manner. The European Union currently has 28 member states, all who hold their own national identity and have very complex histories stemming from two world wars and the ebb and flow of many vast empires. This is why Europe is a great place to study the effects of national polices.
Recently, Europe has been combating many national policy issues that will have a lasting effect on all member states. Whether is the failed economic polices of Greece, the surge of middle eastern immigrants fleeing their war-torn countries, or defending against terrorist, through the unique way policy is crafted through the EU Commission all states have input into the policy and although it takes years for implementation, the policies are crafted slowly, and deliberately to best serve the public goo
d. This is something that soon the EU will have come to terms with as healthcare continues to change and evolve.
The issues that make reforming the health care system a challenge stem from the creation of the EU. Health care is currently viewed as an untouchable national policy, which the European Union has no business being in. This is because the member states are still fighting and defying the idea of the European Union and that of the European identity. Currently all member states set all policies that directly relate to its citizens, however with the open boards, economic trade, and European defense, preventing the European Union from exerting influence on a European health care system will become problematic. Not all national policies are created equal, and when it comes to having a transient workers receiving health care from multiple nations, the same quality of care may not exist. This becomes a serious issue for the European citizen, and will have a negative effect on the lacking member states. Instead of creating a competitive environment where member states continue to build and improve their healthcare, citizens will move, or rather receive care from another member state. This becomes a more appealing option as it is easier to travel a few hours by train to receive vastly improved health care rather than the long and politicized influence each member state has internally to improve health care.
The main issues are based in the continuing debate about the national versus European identity. These issues carry heavy tension for the European Union and each member state. People still hold true to their national identities versus that of the European identity. This could be because an identity has not been established for Europe yet, and when each member state can be run as a federalist state rather than a nation independent government it can be marked that an identity has been established. This lack of a European identity is what keeps driving the euroskepitics, and driving the doubt of the success of the European experiment. When the all the major western European countries finally submit to one identity, will the solidification of the European Union happen. Currently, it can be readily noted from talking with the ambassadors of several eastern bloc countries that the eagerness to be part of Europe exists. In many senses, it can be inferred they are more excited to be part of the European Union then those who founded it. Only when a European citizen exists will real change occur in the remaining areas of national control, primarily welfare and health care.