Policy Design and Analysis

Proper policy design is one of the single most important aspects of creating a new public policy. This is the part of the process where if the problem has not been defined correctly, or the evidence has not bee fully assembled and analyzed, then the resulting identification of policy criteria and alternatives will not achieve the objective of the policy. This can be seen with most policies that have been implemented in the United States, in many cases they become ineffective or have a result other then what was intended. There are eight key steps in policy analysis using the Eightfold Path created by Eugene Bardach:

  1. Define the Problem
  2. Assemble Some Evidence
  3. Construct the Alternatives
  4. Select the Criteria
  5. Project the Outcomes
  6. Confront the Trade-Offs
  7. Decide
  8. Tell the Story

Through the utilization of these steps, policy outcomes can be identified and hopefully implemented successfully. This method and subsequent analysis was used to create several policy outcomes to answer a problem facing the new Chicago demographic.